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Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
  • Doxorubicin Hydrochloride

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride

Item No.: CAS 25316-40-9
Product Name:Doxorubicin hydrochloride
CAS: 25316-40-9
Molecular Formula: C27H30ClNO11
MW: 579.98
EINECS: 246-818-3
Purity (HPLC): 99%
Packing: 2mg/vial
Appearance: White powder
Grade:Pharmarceutical Grade
INQUIRY
Description:

Naturally fluorescent anthracycline antibiotic, anticancer drug. Doxorubicin is a substrate of MRP1 which was first cloned from a DOX-resistant lung cancer cell line. Fluorescent property has been exploited for the measurement of drug efflux pump activities as well as resolving the important question of intracellular localization of various multidrug resistance proteins and the role of subcellular organelles (Golgi and lysosome) in the sequestration of drugs and its implication in drug resistant phenotypes.

It is a drug used in cancer chemotherapy. It is an anthracycline antibiotic, closely related to the natural product daunomycin, and like all anthracyclines, it works by intercalating DNA, with the most serious adverse effect being life-threatening heart damage. It is commonly used in the treatment of a wide range of cancers, including hematological malignancies, many types of carcinoma, and soft tissue sarcomas.

Application:
 
1 Hodgkin's disease and lymphosarcoma, reticulum cell sarcoma. 
2 Undifferentiated small cell and non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer. 
3 Acute lymphoblastic and myeloid leukemia. 
4 Osteosarcoma and soft tissue sarcoma. 
5 Ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, bladder cancer, . Wilms cancer, prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, neuroblastoma cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, cervical cancer and head and neck cancer. Multiple myeloma, pancreatic cancer, endometrial cancer and brain tumors can also be applied. 

Uses:

1.Used as an antineoplastic

2.Strong fluorescent dye intercalating into DNA. Antitumour antibiotic. Effect of adriamycin on heart mitochondrial DNA. Inhibitor of transcriptase and RNA polymerase; immunosuppressive agent.

3.Doxorubicin hydrochloride (adriamycin hydrochloride) is an antitumour agent that has been formulated as a salt to achieve higher water solubility. While the salt shares the same pharmacological properties as doxorubicin free base, its greater water solubility may offer advantages in some in vitro applications. 

Physicochemical properties and chromatographic behaviour will depend on whether the pH is buffered. In non-pH controlled systems the free base and salt may behave differently.

4.Doxorubicin is an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II by inducing double-stranded DNA breaks. By intercalating within DNA, doxorubicin inhibits nucleic acid synthesis and induces apoptosis by inducing the accumulation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein.

 

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